Open Access Journal

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Volume 59 (2008), issue 2

Biological durability of wood modified by citric acid


This paper presents the results of measurement of durability of beech wood (Fagus sylvatica) modified by Citric Acid (CA) against brown rot fungus Poria placenta according to EN 113. Modification was performed by impregnation with 7.0% CA and 6.5% sodium-hypophosphite (SHP) water solution and 10-hour curing at 140 °C. The influence of thermal treatment on durability was also researched. Weight percentage gain (WPG) caused by modification, moisture content (MC) and mass loss of wood (dm) after fungal nutrition were measured. WPG of modified beech wood was 6.1% and that of thermally treated wood was -0.3%. The results showed increased durability of modified wood to be 8.3 times greater than nonmodified, while thermal treatment did not give significant durability improvement. These results indicate modification by CA as a promising alternative, but further research on optimisation of modification parameters is needed to achieve improvement of wood properties.


Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology

DRVNA INDUSTRIJA Scientific Journal of Wood Technology

ISSN 0012-6772 (Print) / ISSN 1847-1153 (Online)

Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology University of Zagreb, Svetošimunska 25, 10000 Zagreb, Hrvatska - Croatia
Tel. (+385 1) 235 24 30, E-mail:
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ružica Beljo-Lučić, Ph.D. E-mail: