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Volume 60 (2009), issue 2

Performance of thermally modified timber (TMT) in outdoor application – durability, abrasion and optical appearance


Thermally modified timber (TMT) is increasingly offered in Europe as an alternative to preservative treated timber. TMT durability in field tests as well as its moisture sorption behaviour in façade application was determined so as to consider its suitability for outdoor use. Additionally, abrasion and crack-formation of TMT deckings were examined and the optical appearance of a TMT façade was evaluated after 5 years of service. After 7.5 years exposure in ground contact, the various TMT materials tested were classed as “slightly durable” to “not durable” whereas the classification in above ground exposure was “very durable” to “moderately durable”, which was in line with the reduced moisture sorption of TMT in weathered application. Moreover, the TMT-decking showed less abrasion and crack-formation compared to references, though the TMT façade revealed considerable discoloration by weathering. Hence, the suitability of TMT for above ground use is suggested, but a surface treatment is obligatory if discoloration is objectionable.


Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology

DRVNA INDUSTRIJA Scientific Journal of Wood Technology

ISSN 0012-6772 (Print) / ISSN 1847-1153 (Online)

Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology University of Zagreb, Svetošimunska 25, 10000 Zagreb, Hrvatska - Croatia
Tel: +3851 2352 430, E-mail:
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ružica Beljo-Lučić, Ph.D. E-mail: