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Volume 73 (2022), issue 1

Reinforcement of Joints Between LVL Members with GFRP and Finite Element Analysis


The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) on joints made of laminated veneer lumber (LVL), through experimental data and evaluation by ANSYS finite element (FE) software. In order to fabricate LVL, veneer from poplar (Populus deltoides Bartr. ex Marsh) with 2.5 mm thickness and PVA adhesive were used. T-shape joints out of LVL were made and two wooden dowels were incorporated as well. Then GFRP was applied to reinforce the joints. GFRP in three grammages (100, 200 and 300 g/ m2) was adhered to joints with epoxy resin. Joints reinforcement was performed by a two-layer reinforcing agent. For comparing the effectiveness, half of the specimens were reinforced on sides and the other half on edges. Specimens were tested in static bending. The results have shown that GFRP had a significant effect on the strength of joints. Reinforced joints on both sides were stronger than those reinforced on edge. Joints reinforced with 300 g/m2 GFRP were improved by 35 % and 43 %, respectively, compared to 100 and 200 g/m2 grammage. Failure modes of specimens are dependent on GFRP grammage. The results of FE have shown that the highest concentration of stress and elastic strain was generated in the tension and compression zones of joints.


Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology

DRVNA INDUSTRIJA Scientific Journal of Wood Technology

ISSN 0012-6772 (Print) / ISSN 1847-1153 (Online)

Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology University of Zagreb, Svetošimunska 25, 10000 Zagreb, Hrvatska - Croatia
Tel. (+385 1) 235 24 30, E-mail:
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ružica Beljo-Lučić, Ph.D. E-mail: