Fracture Behavior of Wood Under Mode I Loading in Tangential Direction
Research subject and fields:
The aim of this study was to determine the fracture behavior of southern yellow pine (Pinus taeda L.) and red oak (Quercus falcata) wood under mode I loading in the tangential-radial and tangential-longitudinal crack propagation systems by a compact tension test method. The results of the study indicated that, in general, red oak had a significantly different fracture behavior than southern yellow pine for each of the two crack propagation systems. The fracture toughness was higher in the tangential-radial crack propagation system than that in the tangential-longitudinal crack system, but there was no significant difference between the two crack propagation systems for southern yellow pine. The specific fracture energy of the tangential-longitudinal crack propagation system for both wood species was significantly lower than that of the tangential-radial crack propagation system. It means that more energy per unit area for the tangential-radial crack propagation system was needed to separate a wood sample into two halves. The difference in the fracture behavior of wood by the crack propagation system can be explained by the structural features of the tested samples since the crack propagation of the tangentialradial system crosses the annual ring and wood fibers can bridge the crack surface.