Wood Species Image Classification Using Two-Dimensional Convolutional Neural Network
Research subject and fields:
The woodworking industry’s recognition and classification of timber is essential for trade, production and timber science. Traditional methods of identifying wood types are complex, time-consuming, costly and require expertise in wood science. Traditional techniques have been replaced by convolutional neural networks (CNNs), a deep learning tool to better identify wood species. In contrast to earlier studies that used pretrained models, a novel architecture designed explicitly for the WOOD-AUTH dataset was proposed in this study to develop a new 2D CNN model. The data collection encompasses high-level visual representations of 12 distinct types of timber. It is aimed to create a simpler and faster model as an alternative to time-consuming and heavy wood classification models. Compared to previous studies, this research worked with a newly structured 2D CNN network based on 12 wood species. High accuracy and fast computation time were achieved using fewer numbers (three layers) of the convolutional neural network. The proposed model achieved 94 % accuracy, 87 % precision, 81 % recall, 80 % F1 score and 112 minutes 27 seconds computation time. The 2D CNN model performed better than the transfer learning models regarding training epochs. The primary benefit of the model is its ability to achieve high accuracy with lower computation time, even at high epochs compared to other models. The introduced 2D CNN model produced satisfactory outcomes for wood species classification.