Open Access Journal

Manuscript submission

Volume 61 (2010), issue 3

Effect of Sanding on Surface Properties of Medium Density Fiberboard


The objective of this research was to investigate the effects of sanding on the surface properties of the medium density fiberboard (MDF) panels made from Rhododendron ponticum L. wood. The MDF panels were sanded with different sizes of the sand paper grit: 60-, 60+80- or 60+80+120-grit. Surface absorption and surface roughness of the MDF panels were determined based on EN 382-1 standard and ISO 4287 by using a fi ne stylus profi lometer, respectively. Sessile water drop technique was used to determine contact angle values of the panel surface. The results indicated that sanding process improved the surface smoothness of the panels. However, the wettability and surface absorption of the panels were negatively affected by increasing grit size. The MDF surface sanded with 60-grit size had a lower contact angle, more wettable surface, compared to those that were sanded with 60+80+120-grit size. For example, the average contact angle value of the panels sanded with 60-grit sandpaper was 43.3° as compared to the panels sanded with 60+80+120-grit sand paper which was 76.1°. The rougher surface was more wettable and absorbent compared to smoother surface. Based on the fi ndings obtained from the present study, sanding has a signifi cant effect on the wettability, surface roughness, and surface absorption of the MDF panels, which could provide useful information on the bonding and finishing of the MDF panels.


Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology

DRVNA INDUSTRIJA Scientific Journal of Wood Technology

ISSN 0012-6772 (Print) / ISSN 1847-1153 (Online)

Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology University of Zagreb, Svetošimunska 25, 10000 Zagreb, Hrvatska - Croatia
Tel: +3851 2352 430, E-mail:
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Ružica Beljo-Lučić, Ph.D. E-mail:
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