Welding Time as an Important Factor of Beech Welding
Research subject and fields:
Bonding of wood by virtue of wedge, without any adhesives and welding, has been done for centuries. If such wedge (in this research wood dowels) are rotated during the bonding with the surface (in controlled conditions) at certain parameters, a firm joint is formed. Welding of wood is a process where chemical and physical reactions take place, heat is formed during the friction that melts and softens the structure of wood, and a firm joint is formed by cooling of the melt. The paper shows world findings so far, as well as the results of our own research of the influence of welding process on the dowel embedded force between the beech wood dowel and the beech surface. The joints with the best results concerning the dowel embedded force (4994 N) were the joints where the process of impressing wood dowels lasted from 0.56 to 0.9 s (with each turn of the wood dowel, the movement was 1.41 to 0.88 mm) and the lowest dowel embedded force (2869 N) was recorded when the duration of the impressing lasted from 1.81 to 2.61 s. The average embedded force of glued spirally grooved dowels amounts to 5028 N.