The Influence of Wood Modification on Transfer Function of a Violin Bridge
Research subject and fields:
The violin bridge is an important component of a violin since it transmits the excitation forces from the string to the violin body. Depending on its structure, at a certain frequency spectrum, the bridge acts as a damper or amplifier of excitation forces, which depends on its transfer function. In the study, transfer functions in the range from 400 Hz to 7000 Hz in vertical directions of 3 bridges were measured. The bridges were made from maple wood and supplied by different manufacturers. The bridges were then thermally modified, and the transfer functions were measured again. To determine the influence of thermal modification on material properties, a sample of maple wood was also modified together with the bridges, and the modulus of elasticity and shear modulus before and after the modification were measured. Using Ansys software, a bridge was modelled by the finite element method, by which natural frequencies and transfer functions before and after the modification were calculated. It can be confirmed from the research that wood modification influences the bridge transfer function and that the finite element method can be used to determine the dynamic properties of the bridge by knowing the wood material properties and, therefore, to predetermine the transfer function of the violin bridge before its production.