Optimization of Production Parameters of Densified Laminated Veneer Lumber Produced by Using Urea-Formaldehyde Resin
Research subject and fields:
This research aims to optimize densified laminated veneer lumber production parameters of compression ratio, press temperature, press time, and adhesive spread rate to maximize their mechanical properties. In the manufacturing process of densified laminated veneer lumber, I-77/51 American poplar clone (Populus deltoides) veneers and urea formaldehyde adhesive are used. The results showed that the compression rate and press time had the most significant impact on the mechanical properties of densified laminated veneer lumber. The optimal production conditions were determined as follows: 38 % compression, press temperature of 170 °C, press time of (10±3) minutes, and spread rate of 150 g/m2. Modulus of rupture, modulus of elasticity, tensile shear strength, and tensile strength perpendicular to panels surface of densified laminated veneer lumbers produced under these conditions increased by 49 %, 8 %, 71 %, and 23 %, respectively, compared to the control group of laminated veneer lumber. So, it can be said that the production parameters of densified laminated veneer lumbers can be optimized safely and effectively using Taguchi method-based grey relational analysis.